Un adjetivo es una palabra que describe a un sustantivo (p.ej. el perro grande).
1. (fïsicamente)
a. doloroso
I have a painful canker sore on my tongue.Tengo una dolorosa afta en la lengua.
b. dolorido
The wound is swollen and painful.La herida está hinchada y dolorida.
Una frase idiomatica cuyo significado no es deducible si se traduce palabra por palabra.
sin traducción directa
I had a tooth removed, and it was really painful.Me sacaron una muela y me dolió muchísimo.
Is your arm still painful?¿Te sigue doliendo el brazo?
2. (mentalmente)
a. doloroso
The scar on her left hand was a painful reminder of her ordeal.La cicatriz de su mano izquierda era un recordatorio doloroso de su terrible experiencia.
b. penoso
He had to make the painful decision to euthanize his dog.Tuvo que tomar la decisión penosa de autorizar la eutanasia a su perro.
c. desagradable
Silvia was given the painful task of dismissing Claudia from her job.A Silvia se le dio la desagradable tarea de despedir a Claudia de su puesto.
Una palabra o frase conversacional que se usa en el habla común (p. ej. abuelita).
(sumamente malo)
a. de pena
Sitting through that movie was a truly painful experience.Aguantar toda esa película fue una experiencia verdaderamente de pena.
Una frase idiomatica cuyo significado no es deducible si se traduce palabra por palabra.
sin traducción directa
It was painful to hear her sing out of tune.Daba vergüenza ajena oírla cantar tan desafinado.
She was so drunk that she was painful to watch.Estaba tan ebria que daba vergüenza ajena.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
Un adjetivo es una palabra que describe a un sustantivo (p.ej. el perro grande).
1. (physically, mentally)
a. doloroso(a)
2. (part of body)
a. dolorido(a)
is it painful here?¿te duele aquí?
it's painful to watch themresulta penoso mirarlos
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
painful [ˈpeɪnfʊl]
1 (physically) [+injury, swelling] doloroso
childbirth need not be a painful experience
a slow and painful death una muerte lenta y dolorosa; my ankle is still painful todavía me duele el tobillo; her wrist was painful to the touch la muñeca le dolía al tocarla
her glands were swollen and painful he complained of painful joints he found it painful to move
was it very painful? ¿te dolió mucho?; he received a painful blow on the back recibió un golpe en la espalda que le causó un intenso dolor
a painful back injury arthritis causes painful inflammation of the joints sunburn can be extremely painful
2 (mentally) [+memory, reminder, experience] doloroso; [+task, decision] penoso
it will be a long and painful process será un proceso largo y doloroso or penoso
the return to democracy will be a long and painful process after 25 years of military dictatorship after he died she began the painful process of sorting out her husbands belongings she finds it too painful to return there without him he's just been through a rather painful divorce remarks like that brought back /painful memories/ it was one of the most painful decisions I had to make deciding whether to have an abortion is one of the most painful decisions a woman may have to make the televised interviews with relatives of the victims were painful to watch his efforts of the wounded man to drag himself along the floor were painful to watch it was a painful experience for Sarah to read what the newspapers said about her the murder of Stacy Coleman serves as a painful reminder of the brutality of which man is capable the family pets were /a painful reminder of happier times/
his embarrassment was painful to witness daba pena ver lo abochornado que estaba; it is my painful duty to tell you that ... es mi penoso deber comunicarle que ...; tengo el desagradable deber de comunicarle que ...
3 (embarrassingly bad) fatal (informal); de pena (informal)
que da vergüenza ajena
her acting was so bad it was painful to watch su actuación era tan mala que daba vergüenza ajena presenciarla; su actuación era de pena (informal)
he made such a fool of himself in court it was painful to watch her singing was painful to listen to
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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